Monday, April 16, 2018

Building a Stronger Democracy in Illinois

by Dr. Shawn Healy, Democracy Program

The McCormick Foundation’s Democracy Program aims to strengthen democracy in Illinois through informed and engaged individuals and communities, and responsive systems of government.

The program’s strategies center on youth civic engagement, journalism, and governmental reform, and take place at three levels of our democratic system in Illinois: individual, community, and systems. We recognize that individuals engage with one another to solve problems in their communities. They work within democratic systems to resolve them or to reform the systems themselves, ultimately to the benefit of both individuals and their communities.

Partners and grantees of the Foundation will recognize significant continuity in this strategy. Youth civic development is supported through a range of investments in civic learning opportunities and our own Democracy Schools Initiative. The commitment to journalism also remains robust across a continuum that encompasses youth media, healthy local news ecosystems, and investigative reporting. And we still seek to make public institutions more accessible, responsive, and representative.

Changes center on the integration of these previously distinct strategies in the democratic context of individuals, communities, and systems. Youth engagement, local journalism, and institutional reform provide opportunities to work at all three levels of our democracy to improve its functioning. We will also be more purposeful about the reinforcing nature of these strategies.

This strategic refresh represents a deeper commitment to racial equity and serving under-resourced communities in Chicagoland and throughout Illinois. We seek to improve overall democratic outcomes and close the civic empowerment gap by providing resources, creating opportunities, and advocating for policies to address disparities for people of color.

In addition to our efforts to grow the statewide Democracy Schools Network through recruitment of schools serving racially diverse student bodies, we continue to lead implementation of Illinois’ new high school civics course requirement and K-12 social studies standards. Beyond endorsing this work, we presented forty grants for Board approval totaling $5.8 million and representative of all three strategies and the individuals, communities, and systems streams within. This document articulates these strategies in greater detail and correlates them with approved grants.

It is an honor to partner with allies in the civic learning, journalism, and good government sectors to build a healthier democracy in Chicagoland and Illinois.

Review the overall Democracy Program strategy and the full list of grants.

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Views on News: Three New Studies

by Andres Torres, Program Officer, Democracy

I’ve had a streak of turning social gatherings into social surveys: how do you get your news, what are your news interests, are you satisfied? Fortunately (for any future hosts of mine), winter has brought new news on news views to answer some of my questions. Three recently released studies highlight major challenge news outlets face as they seek to build readership, and revenue, to sustain their democratic function.

The Studies

In December, the Poynter Institute reported a tepid 49% public confidence in the press. Unpacking the data revealed a 55-percentage point gap between Democrats’ and Republicans’ confidence, with 74% of Democrats expressing a great deal or fair amount of confidence in media reporting. Only 19% of Republicans felt similarly.

In mid-January, a Gallup/Knight Foundation survey on Trust, Media, and Democracy reinforced our polarized orientation to the news: 54% of Democrats, compared to 15% of Republicans, have a very or somewhat favorable opinion of the news media. Nevertheless, Democrats (90%) and Republicans (79%) agree the news media is critical or very important to our democracy.

Most recently, the Center for Media Engagement, with support from the McCormick Foundation, released the Chicago News Landscape Survey. Rather than partisan polarization, this study highlighted differences in how residents on Chicago’s North, South, and West Sides view the news. For example, when asked about neighborhood news coverage, North Siders were significantly more positive: 29% of them strongly agreed the news was doing a good job covering neighborhoods. By contrast, half as many West Side and South Side residents strongly endorsed neighborhood news.

Each study reveals valuable insights into how consumers differ in their perceptions of the news. The Gallup/Knight study surveyed 19,000 Americans, giving them a powerful sample size to draw conclusions across several variables (age, education, race/ethnicity, state of residence). The Center for Media Engagement study also considered readership revenue models, residents’ top issues, and types of news sources, among other questions.

Lingering Questions

There is a lot to draw from these studies, but they also raise more questions. What's needed to build broader trust in media, irrespective of geographic, age, or ideological diversity? More outlets, more reporting, more focused reporting, or all of the above and more?

Especially as readers struggle with the amount of information already available (58% of Americans think it's now harder to be well-informed because of the increased quantity of news sources), I wonder what a more community-oriented news ecosystem looks like and how much "more" is really the answer. Perhaps it's a new approach to reporting, and some more of all of the above (outlets, reporters, etc.), but especially more community engagement in both reporting and delivering the news.

But what faith can we have that more of anything will move the needle on trust in media? I took some small comfort in a conclusion the Poynter study drew. In addition to their survey, the investigators were also able to examine about a month of respondents' internet browsing history and they found people's news consumption was more diverse than reported. While still polarized, it indicates consumers might not be so entrenched in their echo chambers that hope it futile.